6th International Congress on Infectious Diseases
Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia
Title: Outbreak investigation of scabies, Dembiya District, North Gondar Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia, November 2017
Biography: Girma Birhanu Nurie
Background: Scabies affects people of all countries. In developing countries, children, in particular, are most susceptible, with an average prevalence of 5–10%. It is very common in Ethiopia, especially during natural or manmade disasters, such as flooding, drought, civil war and conflict, poor water supply and sanitation, and overcrowded living condition.
Methods & Materials: We conducted 1:2 unmatched case-control study from August 28-November 2, 2017 in Dembiya District, North Gondar Zone, Amhara Region. 40 Cases and 80 controls were randomly selected from the community. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire. Th e analysis was made using Epi Info and SPSS software. Odds ratio, 95% CI and P-value were used to measure the significance of association in bivariate and multivariate analysis. Variables with a p-value of equal to or less than 0.05 were reported to be significantly associated with the dependent variable.
Results: We identified 141 Scabies cases with an overall attack rate of 2% and zero case fatality rate. Of reported cases 55% of them were male and the median age of the affected population was 16 yrs. (IQR= 19 yrs.). Sex (AOR: 0.4, 95% CI: 0.1-0.7), hand washing with soap (AOR: 0.6, 95% CI: 0.1--0.6), body bath more than a week (AOR: 1.5, 95% CI: 1.2-4.1), cloth exchange with infected person (AOR: 3.1, 95% CI: 2.0-4.0), contact history (AOR: 17.0, 95% CI: 13.4-20.0) and water shortage (AOR: 3.3, 95% CI: 2.4-4.5) were significantly associated with scabies.
Conclusion: We found poor hygienic practices, sharing of clothing materials, sleeping with people that had contracted scabies was associated with higher frequency of scabies disease. Therefore, increasing awareness creation about the transmission, prevention and control methods of scabies disease is recommended.